Global Macro Practice in Human Services

Introduction to Human Services
BSHS/302
Deborah Johnson
November 22, 2010

Global Macro Practice in Human Services
The diagnosis of HIV is devastating because there is currently no cure for the disease; however, the diagnosis does not mean a death sentence. ???But today, thanks to the development of HIV medications, people are no longer dying from AIDS they are living with the HIV virus??? (Cichocki, 2009, para. 1). Many people live productive lives with HIV and a support system composed of parents, siblings, friends, or a partner will help with adjusting to the diagnosis, managing the disease, and the process of living with the disease. Other helpful support systems for those dealing with the disease include counselors and social workers.
Managing HIV means learning about the disease, following the medication regimen, and understanding the affects the disease has on the body. Managing the disease also means understanding the responsibility of practicing safe sex. Someone infected with the HIV virus will use a condom during sexual intercourse. Using a condom is necessary to prevent infecting someone who does not have the virus and to prevent reinfecting someone presently infected. Reinfecting occurs when someone who has the virus and does not practice safe sex infects someone with a different strand of the virus (Cichocki, 2007).
Whether the disease is in the United States or abroad, the basic social issues remain the same; however, the limited access of information in countries struggling with the epidemic does exist. Affording the medication and following the medication regimen may not be easy. In addition, the outlook on living with the disease is bleak for some countries dealing with HIV/AIDS. Thankfully, there are organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO) that help countries affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. WHO provides countries with information, support and medication to assist with the fight against HIV/AIDS. The medication used to fight the disease is antiretroviral (ARV) medication. The treatment or antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of three medications, and the therapy will ?????¦suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease??? (The World Health Organization [WHO], 2010, para. 1). WHO provides assistance to almost 200 countries including the United States; however, countries helped by WHO requires approval by the World Health Assembly. The information below states how countries can become members of WHO.
All countries which are Members of the United Nations may become members of WHO by accepting its Constitution. Other countries may be admitted as members when their application has been approved by a simple majority vote of the World Health Assembly. Territories which are not responsible for the conduct of their international relations may be admitted as Associate Members upon application made on their behalf by the Member or other authority responsible for their international relations. Members of WHO are grouped according to regional distribution (193 Member States). (The World Health Organization [WHO], 2010, para. 1)
Millions of people with HIV/AIDS deal with the social issues that accompany the disease. Although there is currently no cure for the disease, there is comfort in knowing that life does not end with the diagnosis. Life adjustments are necessary for the management of the disease. People affected by the disease must remain healthy and follow the medication regiment. With a strong support system and the assistance of organizations like WHO, people around the world with HIV/AIDS have a fighting chance.

References
Cichocki, M. (2007). Now that I am positive, do I have to practice safer sex. Retrieved from http://aids.about.com/cs/expertadvice/f/blq6.htm
Cichocki, M. (2009). Getting back to the basics – HIV virus information. Retrieved from http://aids.about.com/cs/conditions/a/acutehiv.htm
The World Health Organization. (2010). Countries. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/countries/en/
The World Health Organization. (2010). Antiretroviral therapy. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/treatment/en/index.html