Physical Development
Intellectual / Cognitive Development
Language Development
Social & Emotional Development
Behaviour &Moral development

3 months

Reflexes ??“ Swallowing
Rooting – Grasp ??“ Startle ??“ Walking & Standing ??“ Falling
Moves head deliberately ??“waves arms ??“ kicks legs vigorously
Visually alert ??“ follows adult movements within visual field ??“ watches movement of own hands engages in finger play shows excitement at sounds of voices, footsteps, bathwater etc.
Sudden loud noises distress provoking blinking -crying and turning away. Cries when uncomfortable.
Fixes eyes unblinking on mother??™s face when feeding ??“ begins to react to familiar situations ??“ smiles ??“ coos and makes excited movements
Looks for reassurance and security, responds well to cuddles and pleasing reaction from carer, makes noises of delight when care routines are carried out, starts to build a bond with carer.

3 Months
6 Months

Can lift their head and chest in the prone position, supported on their forearms.
Can hold a rattle for a short time.
Watch their hands and play with fingers.
Beginning to show an interest in play things and understand cause and effect.
Prefer moving objects to ones that are still and will follow a moving toy with their eyes.
Take an increasing interest in their surroundings.
Babies will laugh and begin to vocalise becoming conversational with familiar people.
Cry loudly when expressing a need.
Smile in response to speech.
Show enjoyment at routines such as bath time.
Stay awake for longer periods of time,
Fix their eyes unblinkingly on their carers face when feeding.
Respond with obvious pleasure to attention and cuddles.

6 Months
9 Months

If lying on their back they can roll over onto their tummy.
Can use shoulders to pull themselves to sitting.
Use a palmar grasp to pass a toy from one hand to another.
Start to stand holding onto furniture.
May take some steps when both hands are held.
Understand the meaning of simple words such as ???bye??™
Turns immediately when they hear main carers voice.
Look in the correct direction for fallen toys.
Recognise familiar pictures.
Talk to themselves in a tuneful, sing song voice.
Squeal with delight.
Understand and obey the command ???no??™
Imitate adult sounds such as a ??™brrr??™ noise.
Manage to feed themselves using their fingers.
Offer toys to others.
Are more wary of strangers.
Play alone for long periods.
Often need to have a comfort object, such as a blanket or a favourite teddy.
Shows distress when their mother leaves.
Start to become more aware of others feelings.
Physical Development
Intellectual/ Cognitive Development
Language Development
Social & Emotional Development
Behaviour &Moral development

12 months

Can stand alone for a few moments.
Start to cruise along furniture.
Can point with index finger at objects of interest.
Build with a few bricks.

Use trial and error methods to learn about objects.
Watch where objects fall and can seek out a hidden toy.
Speak 2-6 recognisable words, and show understanding of many more.
Hand objects to an adult when asked to.
Closely dependent on an adult??™s reassuring presence.
Are affectionate towards familiar people.
Helps with daily routines such as getting dressed.
Wave goodbye spontaneously and on request.

18 months

Can walk steadily and stop safely.
Can squat to pick up or move a toy.
Can run steadily but are unable to avoid obstacles in their path.
Can thread large beads onto a piece of string.

Enjoys trying to sing, as well as listening to songs and rhymes.
Refer to themselves by name.
Obey simple instructions.

Use 6-40 recognisable words, and show understanding of more.
Use gestures alongside words.
Echo the last part of what people say.
Remembers where objects belong.
May indicate toile needs by restlessness or words. Can follow and enjoy stories and rhymes that include repetition.
Are eager to be independent.
Alternate between clinging and resistance.
Can become easily frustrated.

2 -2 ?years

Can climb onto furniture.
Push and pull large wheeled toys.
Pick up tiny objects using a fine pincer grasp.
Are particularly interested in the names of people and objects.
Know their full name.
Continuously asking questions.
Now speak over 200 words and learn new words quickly.
Talk audibly to themselves when playing.
Beginning to express how they feel.
Eager to try out new experiences.
Often like to help others, although not when it conflicts with their own desires.
Physical Development
Intellectual / Cognitive Development
Language Development
Social & Emotional Development
Behaviour &Moral development

3 years

Can ride a tricyle using pedals.,
Climb upstairs using alternate feet.
Can cut paper with scissors.
Can match 2or 3 primary colours.
Are fascinated with cause and effect.
Can sort objects using into simple categories.
Count by rote up to 10.
Learn to speak more that one language if they are being spoken around them.
Enjoy family mealtimes.
Start to show willing to share and take turns.,
Become interested in having friends.
Believe that all rules are unchallengeable.
Start to develop the concept of being helpful.

4 years

Have developed a good sense of balance.
Can catch, kick and bounce a ball.
Are able to thread small beads onto a lace.
Can sort objects into groups.
Can give reasons and solve problems.
Include more detail in their drawings.
Talk fluently, ask questions and understand the answers.
Tell long stories, sometimes confusing fact and fiction.
Can wash and dry their hands and brush their teeth.
Like to be with other children.
Often show sensitivity towards others.
Try to work out what is right or wrong in behaviour.

5 ??“ 6 years

Have increased agility.
Show good co-ordination.
Can construct elaborate models using things such as duplo.
Ask about abstract words.
Are interested in reading and writing.
About past and future showing a good sense of time.
Are fluent in their speech, with correct grammar most of the time.
Enjoys jokes and riddles.
Have definite likes and dislikes
Show sympathy for friends which are hurt.
Enjoy caring for pets.
Understand the social rules of their own culture.
Instinctively help other children if the are upset.
Physical Development
Intellectual / Cognitive Development
Language Development
Social & Emotional Development
Behaviour &Moral development

7 ??“ 9 years

Have increased body strength and quicker reaction times.
Enjoy active, energetic games and sports.
Learning to plan ahead and evaluate what they do.
Have an increased ability to think and reason.
Use and understand complex sentences.
Are highly verbal and enjoy making up and telling jokes.
Take pride in their competence.
Are easily embarrassed .
Form friendships easily but change them rapidly.
Have a clear idea of the difference between reality and fantasy.
Highly concerned with fairness.

9 ??“ 11 years

Have body proportions that are becoming similar to those of adults.
Tackle more detailed tasks such as woodwork.

Can concentrate on tasks for extended periods.
May develop special talents.
Can write lengthy essays.
Beginning to devise memory strategies.
Become increasingly self conscious.
Can identify and describe what they are feeling.
Begin to experience conflict between parents values and those of peers.

12-16 years

Puberty starts and bodies will go through physical change. In girls their breasts will develop, menstruation will begin and their body shape will change. In boys their voice will become deepe, chest hair may start to grow and boys wil start to experience penile erections.
Adolescents will approach a problem in a systematic fashion, and use imagination when solving them.
They will experience a shift in thinking from the concrete to the abstract- an adult way of thinking.

May become self conscious and anxious about physical changes.
Develop a sexual identity.
A desire to be accepted and liked.

Develop own ideas and values which often challenge those of their parents.
Are more able to understand the perspective of others.
Physical Development
Intellectual / Cognitive Development
Language Development
Social & Emotional Development
Behaviour &Moral development